Lancair was created in 1984 as a kit airplane manufacturer by Lance A. Neibauer. The prototype of the Lancair 200, which first flew in 1984, is now on exhibit at the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) Museum in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Lancair has played an important role in shaping the nature of the expanding kit aircraft industry since then. More than 2,100 Lancair kits have been sold in 34 countries across five continents too far.
Since its founding, the firm has gained a reputation for its composite amateur-built kits. Neibauer, the company’s founder, came from a family with a history in aviation, and with new aims in mind, he was able to develop more powerful and attractive aircraft. Composites were still relatively new to the aircraft industry in the early 1980s, but Neibauer realized their advantages.
Lancair’s smart and innovative designs earned several prizes at national and international airshow conventions for ‘Outstanding Design’ and ‘Best New Design.’ In acknowledgment of its major influence on the industry, Lance Neibauer has won the EAA August Raspet Award for the Advancement of General Aviation. He was also inducted into the EAA Aviation Hall of Fame after receiving several honors in 2009.
Lance Neibauer, the firm’s founder, and the president announced the sale of his kit company to Joseph C. Bartels in February 2003. The Wolstenholme family of Colmar, Pennsylvania, who had been key shareholders in the firm from its inception, took over control in 2010. Finally, in 2017, the firm was bought by Mark and Conrad Huffstutler, a father and son team who run Lancair International LLC out of their five-hangar industrial complex at Garner Field Airport in Uvalde, Texas.
Lancair offers a diverse selection of private pilot aircraft, ranging from high-performance models to low-cost alternatives when all models manufactured to date are taken into account. While the firm only offers two current models, it is possible to purchase preowned versions from the company’s prior portfolio. Customers can pay Lancair to assist them in building their planes because they can buy them as kits. Many of the company’s older models are still supported, and replacement parts are still available for Lancair aircraft owners.
What is an Experimental Aircraft?
Kit planes like Lancairs are controlled by the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) “Special Category” regulations, which include “Experimental-Amateur Built.” Individuals construct amateur-built aircraft, which are classified as “experimental” by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). For moreover five decades, the Experimental classification has been in place. It refers to planes that are used for non-commercial, recreational reasons like education or personal usage.
There is a rule that states that at least 51% of an aircraft must be produced by an individual before it can be registered in the amateur-built category. Customers may either build it themselves or hire Lancair to help them. The main advantage of these kits is that they allow individuals to enjoy the experience of building an aircraft; on the other hand, kit airplanes are often far less expensive than their traditional equivalents.
Because of the easier rules for these types of aircraft, Lancair may provide a broad range of options, including various engines in their models; nevertheless, owing to the same reasons, it is critical to guarantee that aircraft are built in a safe manner.
Lancair Mako, a composite aircraft with Lancair’s trademark of experience, was unveiled at EAA AirVenture 2017. Mako was built for the long hauls, according to Lancair, and its aerodynamic refinement aids pilots in getting the most out of every gallon of gasoline without jeopardizing the Mako’s agile, but gentle handling qualities.
Many companies have attempted and failed to take a piece of Cirrus’ market share. Cirrus has enjoyed a rapidly rising market share in single-engine piston aircraft since the SR20 was approved. Lancair’s new Mako competes with planes like the Cirrus SR-22, Mooney Ovation Ultra, and Cessna TTx in the same market.
Mako is a four-seat composite low-wing aircraft with many windows and a beautiful glass avionics suite. Mako also offers virtually infinite customization possibilities, allowing buyers to fully personalize their planes. Lancair understands that the engine determines final performance. They created an airframe that can support a variety of engine configurations. Currently, Lancair provides a range of Continental or Lycoming motors that can be turbocharged or not, depending on the needs of the customer. Lancair also provides an optional auto-retracting nose gear, which adds 10-12 knots to cruising performance by removing the high-drag nose gear.
Table 1: Lancair Mako Specs and Performance- Source: Mako Official Brochure
|Lancair Mako Performance|
|Max. Cruise Speed||200 ktas @ 9,000 ft||240 ktas @ 25,000 ft|
|Typical Cruise||190 ktas @ 12,000 ft||225 ktas @ 25,000 ft|
|Fuel Consumption||13.5-15 gph||17-19 gph|
|Range*||1400 nm||1150 nm|
|Endurance*||7 hours||5 hours|
|Rate of Climb at sea level||2000 fpm||1800 fpm|
|Stall Speed||62 kts||62 kts|
|Wing Loading||22.9 lbs./sq ft||22.9 lbs./sq ft|
|Standard Engine: Lycoming IO-540, 6-cylinder, fuel-injected, 3-blade constant speed propeller. Turbocharged version optional|
|*With an optional 109-gallon fuel tank|
|Lancair Mako Specs|
|Length||25 ft||25 ft|
|Wingspan||36.6 ft||36.6 ft|
|Height||7.66 ft||7.66 ft|
|Wing Area||140 ft square||140 ft square|
|Gross Weight||3550 lbs.||3550 lbs.|
|Std. Fuel Capacity||75 gal||75 gal|
|Useful Load||1350 lbs.||1300 lbs.|
|Baggage Capacity||175 lbs.||175 lbs.|
Mako has larger internal room than comparable aircraft, with 46 inches wide and 48 inches in height. The luggage room has also been increased to allow travelers to bring everything they need for a lengthy trip. While the Mako’s cabin is meant to be soundproof, Lancair additionally provides a unique sound-proofing kit. Mako has a very clean interior panel design, with 10-inch Garmin G3X screens and a GTN 750 in the middle. The 750 is used to operate the transponder, audio panel, lighting, and autopilot.
Mako does not sacrifice performance for comfort, and with a standard Lycoming IO-540 engine, the plane can cruise at 220 mph. While the aircraft has a strong climb rate, takeoff distance, and performance requirements, it also consumes 10-15% less fuel than similar aircraft.
Mako’s pricing ranges from $350,000 to $500,000 depending on extras, which is about half the price of the Cirrus SR-22. The company’s owners claim that their goal is to manufacture planes of higher or similar quality as those already on the market and sell them for half the price.
Mako is based on the company’s prior ES platform, which was one of its best-selling models. The Mako has a pleasing appearance, is comfy on the inside, performs well, and costs half as much as competitors.
Lancair offers Garmin G3X touch avionics, FADEC-lite electronic engine controls, and other specialized parts inside for avionics and control systems optionally. Optional retractable landing gear available for Mako is available for Barracuda as well. As in Mako, customers can choose between different engine options.
Barracuda’s cabin is 43.5 inches wide and 44.5 inches in height, providing comfort and ergonomics. Optional hi-volume electric air conditioning keeps the cabin cool while a large piece canopy is maintaining a high degree of visibility. Passengers may pack all they need for a cross-country vacation in the spacious luggage compartment.
Table 2: Lancair Barracuda Specs and Performance- Source: Barracuda Official Brochure
|Lancair Barracuda Performance|
|Max Cruise Speed||215 ktas @ 12,000 ft||Wing Loading||23 lb / sq ft|
|Typ. Cruise Speed||210 ktas @ 8,000 ft||Power Loading||7.0|
|Takeoff Ground Roll||800 ft||G Loading||+4.4, -2.2 (utility)|
|Rate of Climb||2700 fpm (solo)||Stall Speed- Vso||52 ktas|
|Max Range||1300 nm||Average Fuel Cons.||14-16 gph|
|Lancair Barracuda Specs|
|Base Engine||Continental IO-550-N||Glass Panel||G3X Touch|
|Hartzell Propeller||3-blade “Scimitar”||Speed brakes||Optional|
|Landing Gear||Fixed Mains, Retractable Nose||Wingspan||25.5 ft|
|Usable Fuel||65 gal||Length||22 ft|
|Gross Weight||2200 lb.||Baggage Capacity||90 lb.|
|Empty Weight||1450 lb.||Cabin Width||43.5 in|
|Useful Load||750 lb.||Cabin Height||44.5 in|
|Full Fuel Payload||360 lb.||Seating Capacity||2|
Barracuda, like Mako, is constructed from composite materials such as high-temperature, pre-impregnated e glass and/or carbon fiber systems, as well as Nomex/honeycomb core components. This combination is utilized all over the globe and eliminates the need for drag-producing rivets or lap joints in complex aerodynamic compound forms like the sculpted fuselage and double-taping wing. Its high-efficiency wing features a distinctive double taper to enhance root-to-tip lift distribution. These are all elements that increase aircraft efficiency.
While the Barracuda has a light, quick, and balanced roll control and can cruise at speeds of over 200 knots, it also performs effectively at slower rates. It features strong low-speed roll control, and simplified fowler-action flaps improve low-speed handling by increasing the wing’s maximum lift coefficient, allowing for slower approaches and shorter landing distances.
The Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) Museum in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, has the first Lancair 200 prototype, which was completed in 1984. When it was initially created, Neibauer intended to call it Lancer 200, but due to a naming dispute with another vehicle, he settled on Lancair. Neibauer came from a family of aviation pioneers, and he aspired to create his plane. While building it, he solicited feedback from local builders and rented his first workshop in 1983.
The 100-hp Continental O-200 engine was used in the Lancair 200, which was built as a two-place, side-by-side layout with a broad speed range. This gave the plane a cruising speed of more than 200 mph. Based on survey feedback, a normal seating posture with a seat back angle of fewer than 30 degrees was employed in the cockpit. A hydraulic retractable tricycle landing gear system was also used on the Lancair 200.
In June of 1984, the first flights took place in Chino, California. The wing of the Lancair is a NASA NLF 0215-F natural laminar flow (NLF) airfoil. The kit airplane employs style 7781 fiberglass/epoxy prepreg, Nomex honeycomb core, and Divinycell PVC core, while the prototype Lancair 200 was built of foam and wet-laid up fiberglass/epoxy.
In 1985, Lance Neibauer designed the Lancair 235 with retractable gear, which was based on the 200. The 235 was designed to go as rapidly as possible while providing affordable cross-country comfort for two passengers. As if that weren’t enough, Neibauer intended the sleek plane to fly smoothly and silently, all while being powered by a Lycoming O-235 engine that produces just 100-115 horsepower. The final product turned out to be fantastic. Not only did the 235 live up to expectations, but it also cruised at over 200 mph and burned around 6 gallon per hours.
Table 3: Lancair 200-235 Specs and Performance-Source: All-Aero.com
|Lancair 200||Lancair 235|
|Engine||Continental O-200, 100 hp||Engine||Lycoming O-235 or -290, 100-115 hp|
|Useful Load||650 lb.||Useful Load||600 lb.|
|Max Speed||210 mph||Max Speed||160 kt / 225 mph|
|Cruise Speed||195 mph||Cruise Speed||140 kt / 210 mph|
|Stall Speed||55 mph||Stall Speed||55 mph|
|Range||1000 mi approx. (870 nm.)||Range||1000 mi approx. (870 nm.)|
The Lancair 320 is a kit-built two-seat single-engine light aircraft. The Lancair 320 is a composite, low-winged monoplane with a retractable three-wheeler and side-by-side seating, similar to the Lancair 235, but with a larger fuselage and a more powerful engine. Lancair 320/360 is based on the Lancair 200/235 design. And the Lancair 360 is a typical two-seat low-wing monoplane with retractable tricycle gear. It is quite similar to the 320, but the engines are more powerful.
Table 4: Lancair 320-360 Specs and Performance-Source: Official Lancair Brochure
|Lancair 320||Lancair 360|
|Engine||Lycoming 1O-320||Engine||Lycoming 1O-360|
|Horsepower||160 hp||Horsepower||180 hp|
|Length||21 ft||Length||21 ft|
|Wingspan||23.5 ft||Wingspan||23.5 ft|
|Wing Area||76 sq. ft.||Wing Area||76 sq. ft.|
|19 lbs./sq.ft.||Wing Loading
|Aspect Ratio (extended wing)||8.5:1||Aspect Ratio (extended wing)||8.5:1|
|Power Loading||10.53 lbs./hp.||Power Loading||9.36 lbs./hp.|
|Empty Weight||1050 lbs||Empty Weight||1090 lbs|
|Gross Weight||1685 lbs||Gross Weight||1685 lbs|
|Fuel Capacity||43 std., 53 opt.||Fuel Capacity||43 std., 53 opt.|
|Useful Load||635 lbs.||Useful Load||595 lbs.|
|Baggage Capacity||50-70 lbs.||Baggage Capacity||50-70 lbs.|
|Trailering Width||100 inches||Trailering Width||100 inches|
|Cabin Width||42.7 inches||Cabin Width||42.7 inches|
|Cabin Height||42.5 inches||Cabin Height||42.5 inches|
|Max Speed @sea level||250 mph||Max Speed @sea level||260 mph|
|Cruise Typical @75%||225 mph||Cruise Typical @75%||235 mph|
|Rate of Climb @sea level||2400 fpm solo
1650 fpm grs. wt.
|Rate of Climb @sea level||2550 fpm solo
1750 fpm grs. wt.
|Range (%75, std/opt fuel)||1020/1250 sm
|Range (%75, std/opt fuel)||940/1180 sm
|G Loading||+9, -4,5 (ultimate)||G Loading||+9, -4,5 (ultimate)|
|Roll Rate||120 degrees/sec.||Roll Rate||120 degrees/sec.|
The product series began with 200/235 and came to Legacy after 320/360. The prototype (N199L) flew for the first time on July 16, 1999, and was officially shown at Oshkosh on July 28, 1999. Legacy 2000 was the initial designation for the aircraft. The successor Legacy is the result of almost a decade of study, testing, and vital feedback from Lancair builders and pilots.
In 2002, a Legacy piloted by Federick E. Schrameck set a Class C-1c Group 1 speed record of 297 kt (550 km/h; 342 mph) on a 3 km circuit at limited altitude at Reno.
Legacy features an NFL (1)-215F wing section with 1 degree of incidence, 3 degrees of twist, and a thickness/chord ratio of 15%. The plane’s controls are conventional and manual. It has fowler flaps and aileron, as well as an elevator electronic trim system. Optional features include rudder trim and speed brakes. Wing has been designed with the high-performance demands of consumers in mind, ensuring that an airplane can reach incredible peak speeds. Lancair, on the other hand, did not overlook the necessity of low-speed performance. To enhance lift distribution, the wing has a double taper. Like 320, Legacy features a great roll control that is “light, quick, and balanced.”
Legacy, like other Lancair aircraft, has many engine options and is upgradeable. It was first available with a single Textron Lycoming IO-360-CID6 flat-four engine producing 200 horsepower and drove a two-blade Hartzell or three-blade MTV-12B constant-speed propeller. In 2002, Hartzell launched the 7694-4T two-blade, which was designed particularly for legacy. By 2003, the engine choice had been updated to a 310 horsepower Teledyne Continental IO-550-N propeller with three blades. The 180-hp Lycoming IO-360-BIF and -M1A engines, as well as the 260-hp Lycoming IO-540, are available as options.
Legacy also had a fixed landing gear version, the Legacy FG, which was released in 2003 and had a single 200 horsepower Lycoming IO-360-A1B6 engine. The plane, like previous Lancair planes, is made of composite materials and is a side-by-side seater with 25-degree reclined seats for the pilot and passenger. For improved landing characteristics, Legacy has premium air/olea struts and bigger main gear tires.
From the kit assembly procedure to flying characteristics, Lancair engineers sought to create Legacy in a systematic manner. This is also evident in avionics. Lancair also provided touch displays with integrated Garmin G3X touch screens, which included the Garmin ESP Electronic Stability and Protection feature.
Lancair Legacy RG-550: Improved version, has retractable gear with carbon fuselage and wing skins. Powered by 310 hp Continental IO-550N.
Lancair Legacy FGC-550: Fixed gear Legacy with Continental IO-550N engine.
Lancair Legacy FG-390: Fixed gear Legacy features a lower cost fiberglass airframe incorporating carbon reinforcements, it is powered by 210 hp Lycoming IO-390X
Lancair Legacy RG-550/R: It’s a modified Legacy RG that’s designed for Sport and SuperSport Air Racing. For high G situations, it has a reinforced carbon fuselage and wings. Continental TSIO-550E turbocharged engines are available.
Table 5: Lancair Legacy Specs and Performance-Source: Jane’s All the World Aircrafts Book 2004-2005
|Lancair Legacy Specs|
|Wingspan||7.77 m (25 ft 6 in)||Cabin Length||1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)|
|Wing Aspect Ratio||7.9||Baggage Area||1.49 cubic m (16.0 cu ft)|
|Length Overall||6.71 m (22 ft 0 in)||Weight Empty||680 kg (1,500 lb.)|
|Height Overall||2.54 m (8 ft 4 in)||Baggage Capacity||41 kg (90 lb.)|
|Wheelbase||1.37 m (4 ft 6 in)||Max Wing Loading (normal category)||130.2 kg/square meter (26.67 lb./sq ft)|
|Max Cruise Speed @ 5,485 m (18,000 ft)||261 kt (483 km/h, 300 mph)||Stalling Speed, flaps down||59 kt (108 km/h, 67 mph)|
|Normal Cruise Speed @ 2,440 m (8,000 ft)||240 kt (444 km/h, 276 mph)||Service ceiling||5,485 m (18,000 ft)|
|Range With Max Fuel, No Reserves||1,042 nm (1,931 km, 1,200 miles)||G limits||+3,8/-1,7|
The Continental TSIO-550 twin-turbocharged engine powers the Lancair IV and IV-P family of low-wing composite aircraft. At sea level, this engine can produce 350 horsepower and can operate at elevations of up to 29,000 feet. IV-P has been produced four years after the original IV, with the pressurized cabin. Including its unparalleled performance and spacious interior in these aircraft classes Lancair IV was at the top of the market.
In 1990, Lancair aimed to designing and producing a pressurized 345 mph, four-seater aircraft that could easily be manufactured in a workshop. At the end of 2011, the manufacture of the aircraft kit was ended by 110 Lancair IVs, 250 IV-Ps were produced. In 2012 production of aircraft ended.
The Lancair IV was unbelievably speedy, efficient, and convenient. Lancair has been pioneering several “first industry” aircraft over time. Firstly, in aviation, the creation of a pressure cabin was one of several single piston engine airplanes. The “IV-P” was one of the greatest personal aircraft in the world. Bill Harrelson piloted a Lancair IV in 2014 that established a global speed record in a 175-hour series of airplanes for solo flights between the earth’s barrier for an aircraft less than 3,000 kilograms (6,600 lb.). A record from Fairbanks, Alaska to Kinston, North Carolina was also broken.
Table 6: Lancair IV-P Specs and Performance-Source: AOPA
|Lancair IV-P Specs|
|Powerplant||Teledyne Continental TSIO-550-B, 230 hp @ 2700 rpm||Recommended TBO||1600 hr.|
|Propeller||MT, three-blade, constant-speed, 76-in diameter||Length||25 ft|
|Height||8 ft||Wingspan||30 ft 2 in|
|Wing Area||98 sq ft||Wing Loading||32.7 lb./sq ft|
|Seats||4||Cabin Length||10 ft 4 in|
|Cabin Height||3 ft 11 in||Empty Weight||2,140 lb|
|Max Gross Weight||3,200 lb||Payload w/full fuel||532 lb|
|Fuel Capacity||89 gal, 534 lb||Baggage Capacity||175 lb|
|Lancair IV-P Performance|
|Takeoff Distance, Ground Roll||1,200 ft||Rate of Climb @ sea level||3,000 fpm|
|Max Level Speed @sea level||297 kt||Max Operating Altitude||29,000 ft|
|Cruise speed/endurance w/45-min rsv, std fuel (fuel consumption)|
|@ 75% power, best economy, 24,000 ft||291 kt/4.3 hr (17.5 gph/105 pph)|
|@ 65% power, best economy, 24,000 ft||282 kt/4.5 hr (16.8 gph/101 pph)|
Lancair IV: Unpressurized four-seat kit plane powered by a Continental TSIO-550 engine producing 350 horsepower.
Lancair IV-P: It is a pressurized four-seat kit plane powered by a Continental TSIO-550 engine with 350 horsepower.
Lancair Propjet: A four-seat pressurized kit plane powered by a Walter or PT6 Pratt & Whitney turboprop engine capable of reaching cruising speeds of over 300 knots at altitudes up to 30,000 feet.
Lancair ES derived from the world record Lancair IV, which has been awarded prizes. It is a fixed gear, lesser horsepower version of the Lancair IV. Despite the fact that they have a similar appearance, the planes are vastly different.
With ES Lancair, you get the best of both worlds: economy and comfort. The inside of the ES measures 46 inches wide and 48 inches tall. Without the complexity or the price of a recalculable kit, the ES goal was to provide the manufacturer a quick, cheap, and spacious four-seater. These aircraft feature a high rate of climb, great endurance, moderate speeds at the landing, and excellent comfort. The individual airfoils utilized in IV are used for ES.
On the other side, Lancair Super ES is a more powerful version of ES. It has a 310 horsepower Continental 1O-550 engine that can cruise at 225 mph. With its 210 horsepower Continental 1O-360 engine, the ES can achieve 200 mph.
Table 6: Lancair ES-ESP Specs and Performance-Source: Jane’s All the World Aircrafts Book 2004-2005
|Lancair ES-Super ES Specs|
|Wingspan||10.82 m (35 ft 6 in)||Weight Empty:|
|Wing Aspect Ratio||9.0||ES, Super ES with IO-550-G||862 kg (1,900 lb.)|
|Length Overall||7.62 m (25 ft 0 in)||Super ES with IO-550N||907 kg (2,000 lb.)|
|Height Overall||2.34 m (7 ft 11 in)||Cruising Speed @%75 power@3,050 m (10,000 ft):
|Wheelbase||2.36 m (7 ft 9 in)||ES||174 kt (332 km/h, 200 mph)|
|Propeller Diameter||1.93 m (6 ft 4in)||Super ES||196 kt (362 km/h, 225 mph)|
|Never-Exceed Speed||220 kt (467 km/h, 253 mph)||Stall Speed (ES)||57 kt (105 km/h, 65 mph)|
Lancair Company – Colombia Aircraft
The company aimed to produce certified type aircraft, founded by Neibauer. This firm has created Colombia 300, Columbia 400, and its variants.
Lancair Evolution – Evolution Aircraft
When Lancair changed ownership in 2017 and changed its location from Redmond, OR to Uvalde, TX sold parts of the company that did not include Evolution assets of the company. Which the facility in Redmond, Oregon keeps producing these aircraft as “Evolution Aircraft Company”.
Lancair Evolution, which is a four-seat, low-wing, one-engine light aircraft built of carbon fiber composite, was one of these aircraft. Which had its first flight in 2008.
A TEO-540-A piston motor or a PT6-135A turboprop motor Pratt & Whitney can power Evolution.
Synergy / Calima T90
The Corporación de la Industria Aeronáutica Colombiana (CIAC) and Lancair produced the Calima T-90 as a basic trainer aircraft for Colombian Air Force. It made its first flight in 2010 and entered service in the same year. It is a low-wing monoplane aircraft with seating for two crew.
It combines sophisticated equipment, dual-command flight control systems, and composite construction with a lightweight and durable efficient reciprocating engine.
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
Question: Is Lancair Aircraft still in business?
Answer: Yes, Lancair is still active under the name Lancair International and has been based in Uvalde, Texas since 2017 on Garner Field Airport. Uvalde airport Garner Feld is the site for domestic and international contests and Lancair thinks this to be the perfect place for aircraft development.
Question: Who owns Lancair?
Answer: The long-term aviation veteran Mark Huffstutler and his son, Conrad, head up the leadership of Lancair International. They are both keen pilots who provide the famous kit plane firm a wide range of flying knowledge.
Question: How much does a Lancair cost?
Answer: They currently have two aircraft, the Mako and Barracuda. The basic price of the Barracuda is $230,000, whereas the base price of the Mako is $350,000. The basic price of the turbocharged Mako, on the other hand, is $385,000.
However, because Lancair aircraft are experimental (E-AB), they have a lot of room for improvements and other choices. This means that costs might vary a lot.
Question: Is Lancair certified?
Answer: Lancair aircraft are not type certified. They are governed by special category regulations of FAA which are “Experimental-Amateur Built” or E-AB. The experimental designation does not imply aircraft is not completed but means it is partially completed by an amateur rather than the manufacturer.
Question: Is the Lancair Mako pressurized?
Answer: No Mako is not pressurized, yet most likely there can be a pressurized model in the future since the company already has experience with the IV-P model.
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