Embraer 195 Guide and Specs: The Biggest Brazil Has to Offer

According to Embraer, the official description of the E195 is that it is a predominantly metallic, low-winged, conventional-tailed monoplane with wing-mounted engines and retractable tricycle-type, twin-wheeled landing gear. 

The Embraer 195 is a stretched version of the Embraer E-190 and the largest aircraft in the manufacturer’s portfolio. The E195 is offered to customers in three variants: the standard (STD), long-range (LR), and advanced range AR). 

The aircraft is designed for short to medium-range flights and carries between 108 to 124 passengers, firmly in the regional and private jet category. The E195 was introduced in 2006, and since its introduction, it has become a mainstay for budget and regional airlines worldwide. 

The success of the E-Jet family prompted Embraer to produce the successors to the E-Jet line. The next generation of E-Jets will carry the suffix E2 at the end to differentiate the models. However, they remain the same aircraft at the core, with upgrades to fly longer, faster, and more efficiently.

Stretching the E175

Embraer E175

Embraer started the E195 project alongside the E190 project in a bid to break out into the 100-seater regional jet market. The E190 was a stretched version of the E170, whereas the E195 was a stretched version of the E175. 

The main change is the longer fuselage of the E195. The E-175 fuselage was stretched by 7.03 m (23 ft 7 in). The Embraer also gave the E195 a larger wing that is 2.72 m (8 ft 11 in) longer and 19.81 m² (213 ft²) larger in area. The horizontal stabilizer was also made larger, with the E195’s tail being 10.55 m (34 ft 7 in) versus the E175’s 9.86 m (32 ft 4 in).  

To accommodate the longer fuselage and wings, Embraer strengthened the frame and spars of the E195 to bear the extra weight and installed new landing gear to do the same. Safety regulations also dictated the need for additional emergency exits, which Embraer put over each wing. 

The larger wings and engines meant that an all-new fuel system was required. Embraer contracted Parker Hannifin was hired to create a fuel system to move around the 13,100 kg (28,881 lb) of fuel to the larger General Electric GE 34-10E5 engines, which produced an additional 26 kN (5,800 lbf) each. 

The E195 might share its base DNA with the E175, but Embraer made plenty of changes to ensure the two aren’t easily mistaken.

Introduction to Service and Present Day

The E195, like the rest of the E-jet family, was marketed to the regional and low-cost carrier market; the aircraft had its first flight on 7th December 2004 and started operations on 22nd September 2006 with Flybe, a low-cost British carrier. Since production began in 2006, Embraer has sold over 375 E195 models are poised to sell more.

Future Success

Regional air travel is becoming more common as aircraft become more efficient and ticket prices decrease. Airlines will have to adopt more aircraft like the E195 that can transport more passengers for the routes that have increased traffic. A 2016 case study by Air Insight found that Embraer is expected to lead the market for regional jets. 

At the Farnborough Airshow in 2021, Embraer executives said they expect to sell 1,000 E-Jets in the next 20 years. There is already evidence of this immense growth because the orders for the E195-E2 have more than doubled compared to the E195 in the same time frame. 

Embraer 195 Specifications

First Generation E195

Embraer 195

  Aircraft Models
Standard Long-Range Advanced-Range
Exterior Dimensions
Length 38.65 m (126 ft 10 in)
Height 10.55 m (34 ft 7 in)
Fuselage Width 3.01 m ((9 ft 11 in)
Wingspan (including Winglets) 28.72 m (94 ft 3 in)
Wing Area 92.20 m² (996 ft²)
Wing Aspect Ratio 8:1
Tail Span 12.08 m (39 ft 8 in)
Horizontal Tail Area 26.00 m² (280 ft²)
Vertical Tail Area 16.20 m² (174 ft² 54 in²)
Wheel Track 5.94 m (19 ft 6 in)
Wheel Base 14.64 m (48 ft)
Interior Dimensions
Pressurized Fuselage Length 31.49 m (103 ft 4 in)
Height 2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)
Width 2.74 m (9 ft)
Aisle Width 0.49 m (1 ft 7 in)
Pitch 0.82 m (32 in)
Cargo Volume
Cargo Compartment  25.66 m³ (906.17 ft³)
Overhead Bin 0.06 m³ / pax (2.0 ft³ / pax)
Underseat Volume 0.04 m³ / pax (1.4 ft³ / pax)
Fwd Cargo Compartment 12.7 m³ (448.85 ft³)
Aft Cargo Compartment 12.7 m³ (448.85 ft³)
Weights
Maximum Ramp Weight 48,950 kg (107,916 lb) 50,950 kg (112,326 lb) 52,450 kg (115,632 lb)
Maximum Take-Off Weight 48,790 kg (107,564 lb) 50,790 kg (111,973 lb) 52,290 kg (115,280 lb)
Maximum Landing Weight 45,000 kg (99,208 lb) 45,800 kg (100,972 lb)
Basic Operating Weight 28,700 kg (63,273 lb)
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 42,500 kg (93,696 lb) 42,600 kg (93,917 lb)
Maximum Payload 13,800 kg (30,424 lb) 13,900 kg (30,644 lb)
Maximum Useable Fuel 13,100 kg (28,881 lb)
Foward Cargo Loading 1,900 kg (4,189 lb)
Aft Cargo Loading 1,800 kg (3,968 lb)
Performance
Range 1,400 nm (2,593 km) 1,800 nm (3,334 km) 2,200 nmi (4,077 km)
Maximum Cruise Speed  Mach 0.82 (547 kts / 1012 kmph / 629 mph)
Maximum Mach Number Mach 0.89 (593 kts / 1099 kmph / 683 mph)
Climb Duration to FL350 18 min
Fuel Capacity 16,153 l (4,287 gal)
Service Ceiling 41,000 ft
Takeoff Field Length* 1,432 m (4,689 ft)
Takeoff Field Length** 2,179 m (7,149 ft)
Landing Field Length*** 1,275 m (4,183 ft)
Takeoff Thrust 82.3 kN (18,500 lbf)
APR Thrust  89 kN (20,000 lbf)
Wake Turbulence Category M
Approach Category C
Occupancy
Flight Crew 2
Dual Class****  100 seats (18 at 42” Pitch, 88 at 33” Pitch)
Single Class  116 seats (at 32” Pitch)
Maximum  124 seats ( at 31” , 30” and 29” Pitch)
Systems
Flight Deck Honeywell Primus EPIC Instruments and Audio Control System
Engine(s) GE CF304-10E5 GE CF304-10E5A1
Fuel System Parker Hannifin
Auxiliary Power Unit Hamilton Sunstrand APS2300

Takeoff Field Length* – Takeoff weight for 500 nm range and full passengers at 100 kg (220 lbs) each at international standard atmosphere and sea level pressure with E5 engines.

**MTOW, ISA, SL – E5 engines for LR; E5A1 engines for AR version

***Full PAX, LRC, typical mission reserves

Takeoff Field Length*  – Maximum takeoff weight at international standard atmosphere and sea level pressure with EA51 engines on Advanced Range variant. 

Landing Field Length** – Maximum landing weight at international standard atmosphere and sea level pressure.

Second Generation – E195-E2

Second Generation - E195-E2

Exterior Dimensions
Length 41.51 m (136 ft 6 in)
Height 10.91 m (35 ft )
Width 3.01 m (10 ft)
Wingspan (including Winglets) 35.13 m (115.3 ft)
Wing Area 103 m² (1,110 ft²)
Wing Aspect Ratio 11.5 : 1
Tail Plane Area 23 m² (250 ft²)
Interior Dimensions
Height 2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)
Width 2.74 m (9 ft 1 in)
Aisle Width 0.49 m (1 ft 7 in)
Pitch 0.82 m (32 in)
Seat Width 46 cm (18.3 in)
Weights
Maximum Take-Off Weight 61,500 kg (135,584 lb)
Maximum Landing Weight 54,000 kg (119,049 lb)
Basic Operating Weight 35,700 kg (78,705 lb)
Maximum Payload 16,150 kg (35,604 lb)
Maximum Useable Fuel 13,690 kg (30,181 lb)
Performance
Range 2,655 nm (4,917 km)
Maximum Cruise Speed  Mach 0.82 (473 kts / 876 kmph / 243 mph)
Typical Cruise Speed Mach 0.78 (450 kts / 833 kmph / 231 mph)
Maximum Mach Number Mach 0.89 (593 kts / 1099 kmph / 683 mph)
Service Ceiling 12,000 m (41,000 ft)
Takeoff Field Length* 1,915 m (6,282 ft)
Takeoff Field Length** 1,372 m (4,501 ft)
Landing Field Length*** 1,427 m (4,681 ft)
Maximum Thrust per Engine  102 kN (23,000 lbf)
Wake Turbulence Category M
Approach Category C
Occupancy
Flight Crew 2
Dual Class 102 – (12 @ 36” / 24 @ 34” / 84 @ 31”)
Single Class 132 @ 31”
Maximum 146 @ 28”
Systems
Flight Deck Honeywell Primus Epic 2
Engine(s) Pratt & Whitney PW1923G
Auxiliary Power Unit UTC Aerospace Systems APU

Takeoff Field Length*  – Maximum takeoff weight at international standard atmosphere and sea level pressure with the standard engine. 

Takeoff Field Length** – Takeoff weight for 500 nm range and full passengers at 100 kg (220 lbs) each at international standard atmosphere and sea level pressure with the standard engine.

Landing Field Length*** – Maximum landing weight at international standard atmosphere and sea level pressure.

Embraer 195 Flight Characteristics

Airplane

The E195 and E195-E2 have a conventional design and don’t fly unpredictably. In fact, Embraer is known for producing aircraft that is easy to fly thanks to their utilization of computerized systems. 

The E195 and E195-E2 are both fly-by-wire aircraft. The system uses computers to detect unnecessary movements and inputs from the controls and filter them out, allowing the pilot to precisely control the aircraft. 

The aircraft is also equipped with a Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) system that will adjust all the engine parameters according to the phase of flight, pilot input, and other sensor information. It takes out the guesswork and calculations pilots have to do to dial in the engine settings right while flying. 

Embraer 195 Configuration Options

Both generations of the E195 are available in one of three configurations to an airline. The configurations are dual-class, single-class, and maximum capacity.

Embraer 195 Price

The brand new Embraer E195-E2 is listed at $78 million as of July. 2022. However, airlines rarely pay this price when making an order. The larger the order and the longer the history, the bigger the discount the airline will receive. 

The used E195s aren’t available on the market because airlines use these aircraft until they have to retire them. The only examples of used aircraft are business jets that are heavily customized, which isn’t an accurate representation of their secondhand value. 

Embraer 195 Orders and Deliveries

The Embraer E-Jet family is one of the most successful in the regional and short-haul market it competes. The original E195 didn’t see a lot of sales because the era required smaller aircraft that flew more often. However, the needs of regional airlines have increased and the smaller E-175s don’t meet these. 

The larger E195s hit this sweet spot, carrying more passengers in a cost-effective manner, allowing these smaller airlines to steal some market share away from larger airlines that would usually operate these routes. 

Numbers don’t lie, and the orders and delivery statistics show that twice the number of the second generation E195s have been ordered in less than half the time. Embraer expects this number to increase and has said it expects to sell 11,000 units in the 100-150 seat range in the next 20, years. 

The details in the order tables below are accurate as of Q4 of 2021. 

First Generation E195

First Generation E195

Buyer Country Order Quantity Delivery Quantity
Israel Arkia 1 1
Aldus Ireland 4 4
Aurigny Guernsey 1 1
Azul Brazil 59 59
Belavia Belarus 4 4
BOC Aviation Singapore 1 1
Flybe United Kingdom 14 14
GECAS United States of America 12 12
Globalia Spain 12 12
Hanin China 20 20
Jetscape United States of America 2 2
LOT Polish Poland 4 4
Lufthansa Germany 34 34
Montenegro Montenegro 1 1
Royal Jordanian Jordan 2 2
TRIP Brazil 1 1
Total 172 172

Second Generation E195-E2

Second Generation E195-E2

Buyer Country Order Quantity Delivery Quantity
Aercap Ireland 45 12
Air Peace Nigeria 13 5
Aircastle United States of America 23 4
Azorra United States of America 20
Azul Brazil 51
Binter Canarias Spain 5 5
Congo Airways Congo 2
Helvetic Switzerland 4 4
ICBC China 10 3
Porter Canada 30
Total 203 33

Embraer 195 Operation Costs

The E195, like most regional jets are built to minimize operating costs and be fuel-efficient. These aircraft are also designed to reduce maintenance times and extend periods between flying. But exactly how much does it cost to operate an E195?

Fixed Costs

Lease Cost

In May 2016, the list price of an Embraer E195 was $52.7 million; however, depending on the interest rate the customer has to pay, the monthly lease rate fluctuates. Aircraft are usually leased out for multiple years. A study by SP Aviation found that the lowest monthly lease cost paid for an E195 was $175,000, while the highest lease cost was $285,000 a month. 

Crew Costs

To operate any airliner, there has to be a human element. The crew of an E195 includes two pilots and on average three cabin crew. 

Regional airlines don’t pay as well as major airlines do, but still affects the bottom line of the company. In 2019, the average starting salary of a first officer at a regional airline is estimated to be around $50,000. During the same time frame, the average salary of a captain in the same airline is around $131,500. 

As of July 2022, GlassDoor says the average national salary of a cabin crew in a regional airline is $37,457. Additional payments also increase this figure, but we will focus on the base pay. 

Therefore, the total cost per year for the crew of an Embraer E195 is $368,285. 

Insurance

The cost that an airline pays for a single aircraft in its fleet is unknown as the insurance is based on the entire fleet, the experience of the pilots, the safety procedures of the airline, and several other factors.

However, if an airline’s fleet only consisted of E195s, the insurance cost would be quite low, as the aircraft has an impeccable safety record.

Variable Costs

E195 Inside

The totals in this section assume the aircraft flies 500 hours per year. 

Fuel

Using fuel as efficiently as possible is a priority at all airlines, even more so with regional airlines with smaller profit margins. Fuel is the highest cost an airline incurs, and the cost varies wildly based on global economics and various other factors. 

The E195 is known to be quite economical and burns 2,041 kg of fuel per hour when cruising at 0.78 Mach. This number is an approximation and depends on factors such as temperature, altitude, weather, and engine maintenance. 

The price of a metric tonne of Jet A1 on 22nd July 2022 is $1,149. This means that over the year, the E195 will cost roughly $574,500.

Maintenance Costs

Like the rest of the E-Jet family, the E195 is built to require very little maintenance, and Embraer has ensured that when maintenance is required, the costs will be low and the aircraft won’t be grounded for too long. 

Estimates put the maintenance cost for an E195 at approximately $935 an hour. This brings the total per annum to $46,7500.

Other Operating Costs

Variable operating costs appear as landing, navigation, and other airport fees such as handling and parking charges. Costs associated with cleaning the aircraft and setting it up for the next flight are also included. 

Other operating costs add up to roughly $110 an hour, which means the total per annum is $55,000.

Embraer 195 Variants

First Generation Variants

Long Range

Embraer 195 Long Range

As the name suggests, this version of the E195 is the same as the standard version in almost every way but can fly an additional 400 nm (741 km) for a total of 1,800 nm (3,334 km) and has a higher MTOW of 50,790 kg (111,970 lb) an increase of 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs). 

Advanced Range

The final variant of the E195 is the Advanced Range or AR. It outdoes the LR and can fly 2,201 nm (4,077 km), which is 401 nm (743 km) more. The AR variant also received an increase in MTOW, bringing the total to 52,290 kg (115,280 lbs). 

Embraer 195 Competitors

Bombardier CRJ-1000

Bombardier CRJ-1000

The CRJ-1000 is manufactured by Bombardier, arguably Embraer’s main rival. The CRJ series competes directly with the E-Jet family. The standard CRJ-1000 carries 100 passengers over a distance of 1,490 nm (2,760 km). The CRJ-1000ER (Extended range) carries the same number of passengers, but the range has now been upped to 3,130 km. 

The CRJ-1000 might not compete directly with the E195, but there is significant overlap. The E195 is larger and carries more passengers over longer distances. But the larger engines burn more fuel and produce more emissions.

Airbus A220-100 

Airbus A220-100 

The Airbus A220 series seats between 108-128 passengers making it a direct competitor to the E195. The Airbus A220 originally started as the Bombardier CSeries but was acquired and rebranded by Airbus two years into its operation. While both aircraft might carry the same number of passengers, the A220 flies further and can carry a higher payload. 

However, the larger engines and increased MTOW are a double-edged sword, as the A220 isn’t as cost-efficient on shorter flights as the E195. Airlines twith shorter routerstend to go with the E195 versus the A220. 

Airbus A318

Airbus A318

The base model A318 seats 107–132 passengers, and has an MTOW of 59,000 kg (130,000 lb). Similar to the A220, the A318’s larger engines and larger fuselage allow it to carry a heavier payload for a longer range. But, the E195 is more efficient and built for regional flying rigors. 

Boeing B737-600

Boeing B737-600

 

The B737-600 is Boeing’s attempt at producing a short to medium route airliner that can compete with smaller regional jets like the E195. It seated between 108–130 passengers. The aircraft was introduced in March 1995 and endured for nearly two decades with minimal sales. Boeing quietly removed the aircraft from the line-up in 2012. During its time in the sky, the B737-600 did the same thing the A318 and A220 did, but as a Boeing.

Embraer 195 Incidents and Accidents

As of July 2022, only one E195 has been in one accident, which speaks volumes about the safety and builds quality of this aircraft. 

Accident of Flight KD676

The accident occurred on 21st December 2015 at the  Kupang-El Tari Airport (KOE) in Indonesia. The E195 was registered as PK-KDC to KalStar Aviation and was designated the number KD676 during this flight. 

The E195 was in operation since 2006 and had to be written off after the accident, categorizing it as a hull-loss accident. The accident was a runway excursion that occurred due to poor pilotage and the use of non-standard procedures to change the landing configuration. 

During the final segment of the approach, the aircraft’s speed was 62 knots higher than Vapp. The pilots continued the approach assuming the 2,500 m (8,202 ft) runway would be adequate to bring the aircraft to a full stop. However, the aircraft landed mid-way on the runway and not at the touchdown zone. 

To avoid obstacles at the end of the runway, the captain turned right and off the runway resulting in substantial damage to the aircraft. There were 125 occupants on board, including five crew. There were no fatalities and only minor injuries to the occupants. 

Other Incidents

The E195 has been involved in other incidents. Most of which include collisions with ground vehicles and other minor incidents such as taxi-way incursions. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

Question: Why were the wings, tail, and horizontal stabilizers made larger on the E195?

Answer: The E195 received many new parts, some of the most expensive to redesign were flight surfaces. While Embraer wanted to keep costs low, these parts needed to be all-new, as the sheer weight and size of the E195 meant that the smaller wings and tail of the E175 would not produce the lift or control authority required to perform efficiently and safely. 

Question: Why did Embraer not make multiple variants for the E195-E2?

Answer: The E195 isn’t the most popular aircraft in Embraer’s E-Jet line-up. That honor goes to the E175. The company’s aircraft are designed to meet a specific niche, and the E195 had an even smaller niche to focus on. 
After research was conducted into how the variants of the first generation of E195s sold and how airlines used them, Embraer designed the E195-E2 to tick all the boxes of all three variants of the E195. 

Question: What is the payload of the E-195?

Answer: The payload of the E-195 differs based on the generation and variant. The first generation AR has a payload of 13,900 kg (30,644 lb), while the standard and LR versions have a payload of 13,800 kg (30,424 lb). The second generation E2 model has an improved payload of 16,150 kg (35,604 lb).

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References

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